Revista Egitania Sciencia - Special Edition (ENTENP) | ARTICLE

Title: LEARNING ENTREPRENEURIAL COMPETENCES: PARADOXES IN THE LEARNING PROCESS

Author: Marja-Liisa Kakkonen (marja-liisa.kakkonen@mamk.fi) - Finland

Publication: Revista Egitania Sciencia - Special Edition (ENTENP)

Abstract:
The purpose of the longitudinal study was to ascertain to what extent students’ entrepreneurial competences developed on the degree programme.
The study examined the perceptions of the students by mixing different research methods. Six subsidiary-studies were conducted in total. In this paper, only the results of three subsidiary-studies are discussed and the results are discussed from the viewpoint of the paradoxes in the learning process.
The findings indicated that competence profiles and entrepreneurial intention are interrelated already in the beginning of the studies. Further, the learning objectives of the degree programme are realistic for the first-year students to be achieved. There lies the first paradox: self-regulation in learning is expected, yet the students may lack the abilities for self-directed learning and meta-cognitive learning strategies. Secondly, use of creativity is expected to some extent, yet the students are not sufficiently encouraged and supported
by teachers. Thirdly, the entrepreneurial attitudes of the students were quite positive, yet the attitudes remained stable or declined during studies. Forthly, the degree programme had a positive influence on the development of business competences, but not on entrepreneurial intention. It can be concluded that there is a need for changes in pedagogy and learning
environment, if the aim is to promote the entrepreneurial competences of students more and increase their new business creation.


Keywords: students, competences, entrepreneurship, intention, learning, perceptions





               INSTITUTO POLITÉCNICO DA GUARDA | Av. Dr. Francisco Sá Carneiro, 50 | 6300 - 559 Guarda | Tel.+351271220100 | Fax +351271222690