Revista Egitania Sciencia - ICESP Special Edition | ARTICLE

Title: THE EFFECTS OF EXERCISE ON PHYSICAL FITNESS IN DAILY LIFE ACTIVITIES, AUTONOMY AND SATISFACTION WITH LIFE AMONG THE ELDERLY IN INSTITUTIONS

Author: Guilherme Furtado (furts2001@yahoo.com.br), Nelba Souza (nelbaef@yahoo.com.br), José Pedro Ferreira (jpl.ferreira.2010@gmail.com), Rubens Letieri (rubens.letieri@gmail.com), Humberto Carvalho (hmoreiracarvalho@gmail.com), Estélio Dantas (esteliodantas@gmail.com), Saulo Vasconcelos (vasconcelosrocha82@gmail.com)

Publication: Revista Egitania Sciencia - ICESP Special Edition

Abstract:
This study is aimed at examining the effects of a muscle-strength condition exercise (MSE) program (MSE) on a battery of physical fitness tests battery related to daily lifeving activities (Pf-Adl) and life satisfaction among elderly men’s. The sample consisted of male participants from two elderly care institutions. The participants were randomized into an experimental group (EG; n = 27; age = 78.2 ± 4.1 years) and control group (CG; N= 24; age 77.9 ± 3.7 years). The EIG participated incarry out a MSE program during for 12- weeks, two times per week. The CG, did not undergowent a MSE program. To measure the psychological dimension, the Satisfaction with Llife Sscale (SWLS) was used. The Pf-Adl was analysed through the LAGED motor tasks protocol (LP). The paired-t statistics revealed significant reductions in the execution time of all the tests of the LP protocol which indicated possible benefits that come from EIG, being promoted by the mediation of thethrough exercise. As for the SWL dimension tThere were significant differences in the SWL dimension with the magnitude of the effect size suggesting that these changes were possibly beneficial. In the CGC there were no changes were found. The present study demonstrates that a 12-weeks MSE can improve Pf-Adl and SWL perception in older men, pointing to evidence of possible benefits to physical and psychological health that may be associated infor these participants.

Keywords: physical fitness, activities of daily living, muscle strength, elderly




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