Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 18 | ARTICLE

Title: THE EVOLVING SCENARIO OF ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE WORLD: STAGES AND PROMOTERS

Author: Alda Matos (alda@ipb.pt), Paula Cabo (paulacabo@ipb.pt), António Fernandes (toze@ipb.pt) e Isabel Ribeiro (xilote@ipb.pt)

Publication: Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 18

Abstract:
The concern expressed by international organizations over Environmental Education for Sustainable Development – EESD is not recent. Indeed, since the publication, in 1962, of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, and of the book of the Club of Rome, The Limits to Growth, in 1972, along with the impact caused by the Brundtland Report, Our Common Future, in 1987, published by the World Commission on Environment and Development, international organizations have engaged in partnerships and signed statements committing themselves to EESD. The purpose of this article is to present a narrative of the events defining EESD from the Stockholm Conference to the Rio+20 Conference, based on a critical review of the literature. The study concludes that since the 1970s society has become more aware of environmental problems. The first political and administrative responses emerged beginning with the Stockholm Conference and later the publication of the Brundtland Report by the joint team of environmental experts. These resulted in the Welfare Treaty (a state’s guarantee of their citizens’ minimum rights) and the concept of Sustainable Development. Thus emerged social solidarity asthe future of humanity, leading to the principle of “preservation of resources for future generations”. In the Rio+20 Conference, EESD was fully accepted and made known worldwide. However, since the beginning of the new millennium, the attention given to EESD has significantly decreased.

Keywords: environmental education, sustainable development, stages, promoters, world




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