Revista Egitania Sciencia - SIEFLAS Edição Especial | ARTICLE

Title: CHARACTERIZATION OF MOTOR PLAY ACTIVITIES IN CHILDREN FROM THE CITY OF GUARDA . ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PLAYFUL PRACTICE , BMI AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

Author: Nuno Serra (nserra@ipg.pt)* Andreia Silva (4andreiasilva@gmail.com)** Carlos Marta (carlosmarta@ipg.pt)*** Carolina Vila-Chã (cvilacha@ipg.pt)****
* Professor Adjunto da Escola Superior de Educação, Comunicação e Desporto do Instituto Politécnico da Guarda, Portugal. Membro da Unidade de Investigação para o Desenvolvimento do Interior (UDI). Doutorado em Ciências da Atividade Física e do Desporto pela Universidade de León. ** Aluna da Licenciatura em Desporto do Instituto Politécnico da Guarda *** Doutorado em Ciências do Desporto pela Universidade da Beira Interior. Membro da UDI. **** Professora Adjunta da Escola Superior de Educação, Comunicação e Desporto do Instituto Politécnico da Guarda, Portugal. Membro efetivo da Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, Portugal. Membro da UDI. Doutorada em Engenharia Biomédica pela Universidade do Porto.
Publication: Revista Egitania Sciencia - SIEFLAS Edição Especial

Abstract:
Recently in Portugal, there is concern about the growing sedentary behaviour among school-aged children, which has been associated with obesity and motor illiteracy in youth people. Paradoxically, there seem to be more and more obstacles to the opportunities for children to engage in playful activities. The aim of the study was to verify the associations between the number and type of games performed by prepubescent subjects with physical fitness components (ApF) and body mass index (BMI). The sample consisted of 108 children, aged 10 and 11, from schools in the urban area of Guarda. A standardized interview, adapted from Serra (1992), was used to gather data on the games practiced. ApF’s assessment included tests of aerobic capacity, flexibility, strength, and muscular endurance, through Fitnessgram and velocity (20m) battery protocols. The data revealed the withdrawal of throwing games in the children’s free time, with very low values of jumps and other playful practices (except sports ones). In this sample, the children with higher body mass and BMI practiced less physical activity games, especially in relation to ball games (sport and traditional) and running and chasing. The data highlighted the association between the type and quantity of games performed in each of the contexts analyzed and some components of the ApF.

Keywords: Games, physical fitness, body mass index




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