Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 3 | ARTICLE


Author: Paulo Moutinho Barroso * (

Publication: Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 3

This article underlines the importance of aretê as an educational ideal and cultural practice in the education of the individual. This article reaches back to classical culture and its historical and referential legacy, which is enjoyed in contemporary Western societies. One of the most striking episodes at the height of rationality in ancient Greece, the death of Socrates, was described by Plato in his dialogue, Crito, as the ideal pedagogy of the aretê. In this highly theoretical perspective, the best methodology to achieve the proposed goal is based on an exercise of reassessment, analysis, interpretation and understanding of various works of reference. The results of this reflective article are resumed essentially in the conclusion that aretê serves as an educational ideal and cultural practice, according to certain conceptual standards of excellence. Thus, one of the greatest virtues of classical culture was to have noticed that Man can indeed be educated precisely because he can be changed. The possibility of changing is part of the Paideia project, a program for perfectibility and excellence. This is a much worked on virtue because the concept of aretê summarizes the life of any man who seeks, during his short existence, to be better not only with respect to what he was the day before, but also with respect to others.

Keywords: Aretê, classical culture, pedagogy, Plato, Socrates

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