Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 3 | ARTICLE


Author: José Carlos Almeida Alexandre* (

Publication: Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 3

In the period 1930-1985, industrialization based on substitution of imports (ISI) became the Brazilian Governments’ preferred model. Development would be the result of that State planned strategy. In that period Brazil registered notable economic growth. However, output growth was accompanied by severe inflation and external debt problems. And, although there were also remarkable results in terms of several social indicators, Brazil continued to be one of the most unequal societies in the world. What was the role of the Brazilian State in the implementation of capitalism? How did the differing social and accumulation regimes and development strategies rise and fall? How did the State articulate the ambitions of society and the market? To respond to these questions, the focus will be on the power relations and conflict within the Brazilian society and between society and State. With this goal, the interactions of these internal relations with, on the one hand, the evolution of the economic and political institutions and, on the other hand, with the development strategies followed by the government will be analyzed.

Keywords: State, planning, protectionism, social conflict, industrialization

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