Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 7 | ARTICLE

Title: THE CONTRACEPTIVE PILL AND THE RISK OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Author: Figueiredo Sandie, Ana F. Vinha (ana.vinha@ipsn.cespu.pt), Marisa, Machado (marisa.machado@ipsn.cespu.pt), Maria Emília Santos (emilia.santos@ipsn.cespu.pt) e Maria Teresa Herdeiro (maria.herdeiro@ipsn.cespu.pt)

Publication: Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 7

Abstract:
The concern about the risk of cardiovascular disease such as venous thromboembolism, stroke and myocardial infarction in women using combined oral contraceptives has generated much discussion. Several aspects have been identified in studies as risk factors, including the high dose of ethinyl estradiol contained in various formulations, the androgenic properties of different types of progesterone developed over the years, hypertension, smoking, hypercholesterolaemia, the diabetes mellitus, migraine, the presence of background and age, especially after 35 years, among others. In this study surveyed 257 women in the district of Viseu were surveyed users in order to determine the prevalence of risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease and their possible relationship. The results showed that women surveyed, users of oral contraceptives prefer taking third and fourth generation pills. Women who are smokers predominate in lower age groups, women suffering from diseases already mentioned above, except for hypertension and obesity are found mainly in the surveyed 16 to 35 years. These results, although with the limitations of the small size of the sample, can lead to the hypothesis that the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in women of Viseu comes from the misconception women have in relation to the various causal factors and did not know the best method of contraception.

Keywords: Combined oral contraceptives; Cardiovascular diseases; Risk factor; Venous thromboembolism; Stroke




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