Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 8 | ARTICLE

Title: MENTAL VISUALIZATION IN SCIENCE LEARNING AND TEACHING: INCOMES FROM SPORT PSYCHOLOGY

Author: Teresa de Jesus Fonseca (tfonseca@ipg.pt) e Jorge Fonseca e Trindade (jtrindade@ipg.pt)

Publication: Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 8

Abstract:
The mental imagery plays an important role in the construction of scientific knowledge and science learning by demanding formal schemes of reasoning and mental representations of abstract concepts. Some studies have related the ability of mental imagery to academic achievement various subjects of sciences like physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology and geology, showing that their domain involves, to a high degree, a component of visual and spatial learning process. In parallel, a large part of research suggests that high competition sports training, viewed as an active promoter of spatial ability, contributes to developing the mental imagery ability. Indeed, the application of cognitive psychology in sport training has fostered a great interest, particularly the mental representation of images, given the natural affinity between information processing and cognitive skills. This study sought to take into account the gains of specific teaching / learning of science and Sports Psychology. Our objective was to use these gains created in the context of sport to improve the spatial abilities of students, essential for science learning. To this end, the authors submitted 15 science students, with little capacity for mental imagery on a workout plan of imagery inspired by the sports training. The results showed that compared to the control group, there were statistically significant improvements in the visualization capability of the students in the experimental group.

Keywords: Mental visualization, spatial ability, sport training, sciences, teaching/learning




               INSTITUTO POLITÉCNICO DA GUARDA | Av. Dr. Francisco Sá Carneiro, 50 | 6300 - 559 Guarda | Tel.+351271220100 | Fax +351271222690