Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 8 | ARTICLE

Title: CONSUMER AND PHARMACIST PERSPECTIVE ABOUT SELFMEDICATION PREVALENCE IN BRAGANÇA REGION

Author: Dayana Barina Simões Martins, Sara Margarida Pereira do Couto, Maria Isabel Barreiro Ribeiro (xilote@ipb.pt) e António José Gonçalves Fernandes

Publication: Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 8

Abstract:
To analyze the prevalence of self-medication in Bragança´s population and to identify the factors associated with this phenomenon are the main objectives of this investigation. To carry out this study a simple random sample was collected considering a 95% confidence level and a 2,5% sampling error. The consumer’s self-medication prevalence rate is about 91,3%. Most consumers are female (62%); are, in average, 34 years old, live in Bragança city (51,8%); and, have completed the secondary school (34,3%). The same way, most pharmacists are female (71,1%) and are, in average, 33 years old. The results revealed that, in the self-medication practice, there are statistically significant differences among genders for colic’s and muscular pains relief. There are statistically significant differences between ages for the anxiety symptom relief and self-medication period. Consumer’s self-medication occurs when they have flu or common cold (45,4%), headache (38,8%) and fever (38,0%). In the pharmacist’s perspective, consumers are self-medicated, essentially, when they have flu (86,8%), headache (81,6%) and sore throat (71,1%). The most used medicines in self-medication are Analgesic/Antipyretic (84,8%) and the Anti-inflammatory (64,8%).

Keywords: Self-medication; prevalence; consumer; pharmacist; Bragança




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