Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 10 | ARTICLE

Title: CHANGE IN DIETARY HABITS: A CASE STUDY IN THE PORTUGUESE HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM

Author: Daniel Venâncio, Hugo Medeiros, Rafael Macedo, Tiago Pires, Vera Ferro Lebres, António Fernandes

Publication: Revista Egitania Sciencia - Volume 10

Abstract:
The main objective of this investigation is to study the possible change in dietary habits of young people who enter the Portuguese higher education system for the first time. This investigation is based on an analytical and longitudinal study that evaluates the changes in dietary habits of young people registered for the first time in the Bragança Polytechnic Institute. A random sample of 301 students responded to a self-completion questionnaire developed for this purpose and provided locally, in two distinct phases. The treatment of data involved the use of SPSS 17.0 software and used several statistical tests, namely, T-Student, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Levene, Wilcoxon, Signal and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon. It appears that, after the entry into higher education, the students consumed significantly more energy that increases, on average, from 2550Kcal to 2945Kcal. In the same way, alcohol consumption increases from 3,7g daily to 10g. Regarding carbohydrates and proteins, while the consumption in grams increased significantly, there is no change of proportions for the total energy consumption. In relation to lipids, a reduction occurs in the percent related to the total energy consumption. It is concluded that the entry into higher education changes the dietary habits of young people and shows a significantly increase in energy consumption and alcohol. The results emphasize the importance of continuing research in this field of study to identify the causes of these dietary changes, which can contribute to developing effective measures in the prevention of alcoholism in populations of students in higher education.

Keywords: Dietary Behavior, Higher Education, Students, Macronutrients, Alcohol, Braganza




               INSTITUTO POLITÉCNICO DA GUARDA | Av. Dr. Francisco Sá Carneiro, 50 | 6300 - 559 Guarda | Tel.+351271220100 | Fax +351271222690